タイトルWar and Chance: Assessing Uncertainty in International Politics (Bridging the Gap)
著者・編者;Jeffrey A. Friedman
出版社;Oxford Univ Press
出版年;2019年
ISBN;9780190938024
テキストリンクamazon

内容紹介

Uncertainty surrounds every major decision in international politics. Yet there is almost always room for reasonable people to disagree about what that uncertainty entails. No one can reliably predict the outbreak of armed conflict, forecast economic recessions, anticipate terrorist attacks, or estimate the countless other risks that shape foreign policy choices. Many scholars and practitioners therefore believe that it is better to keep foreign policy debates focused on the facts - that it is, at best, a waste of time to debate uncertain judgments that will often prove to be wrong.

In War and Chance, Jeffrey A. Friedman explains how avoiding the challenge of assessing uncertainty undermines foreign policy analysis and decision making. Drawing on an innovative combination of historical and experimental evidence, he shows that foreign policy analysts can assess uncertainty in a manner that is theoretically coherent, empirically meaningful, politically defensible, practically useful, and sometimes logically necessary for making sound choices. Each of these claims contradicts widespread skepticism about the value of probabilistic reasoning in international affairs, and shows that placing greater emphasis on assessing uncertainty can improve nearly any foreign policy debate.

A clear-eyed examination of the logic, psychology, and politics of assessing uncertainty, War and Chance provides scholars and practitioners with new foundations for understanding one of the most controversial elements of foreign policy discourse.

著者について

Jeffrey A. Friedman is Assistant Professor of Government at Dartmouth College. His research focuses on the ways in which risk and uncertainty shape high-stakes policy decisions, particularly in the domain of national security. His research has been published by the American Journal of Political Science, International Organization, and International Security, among other journals. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2013.

目次
  • Acknowledgments 
  • Introduction: "One of the Things You Learn as President Is That You're Always Dealing with Probabilities" 
  • Chapter 1: Pathologies of Probability Assessment 
  • Chapter 2: Subjective Probability and International Politics 
  • Chapter 3: The Value of Precision in Probability Assessment 
  • Chapter 4: Dispelling Illusions of Rigor 
  • Chapter 5: The Politics of Uncertainty and Blame 
  • Chapter 6: Analysis and Decision 
  • Chapter 7: Practical Implications and Directions for Further Research 
  • Appendix